Edit

time_slice

Description

Converts a given time to the start time of a time interval based on the specified time granularity.

Syntax

DATETIME time_slice(DATETIME dt, INTERVAL N type)

Parameters

  • dt: the time to convert. The supported data type is DATETIME.
  • INTERVAL N type: the time granularity. N is a number of the INT type. type is the unit, which can be YEAR, MONTH, DAY, HOUR, MINUTE, SECOND, WEEK, and QUARTER.

Return value

Returns a value of the DATETIME type.

Usage notes

The time interval starts from A.D. 0001-01-01 00:00:00.

Examples

Example 1: Convert a given time to the start time of a 5-second time interval.

In this example, the time granularity is 5 second. The first time interval is from 2022-04-26 19:01:00 to 2022-04-26 19:01:04. 2022-04-26 19:01:07 falls into the second interval which starts from 2022-04-26 19:01:05 and this value is returned.

mysql> select time_slice('2022-04-26 19:01:07', interval 5 second);
+------------------------------------------------------+
| time_slice('2022-04-26 19:01:07', INTERVAL 5 SECOND) |
+------------------------------------------------------+
| 2022-04-26 19:01:05                                  |
+------------------------------------------------------+

Example 2: Convert a given time to the start time of a 5-day time interval.

In this example, the time granularity is 5 day. The first time interval is from 0001-01-01 19:01:07 to 0001-01-05 19:01:07. 0001-01-07 19:01:07 falls into the second interval which starts from 0001-01-06 19:01:07 and this value is returned.

mysql> select time_slice('0001-01-07 19:01:07', interval 5 day);
+---------------------------------------------------+
| time_slice('0001-01-07 19:01:07', INTERVAL 5 DAY) |
+---------------------------------------------------+
| 0001-01-06 00:00:00                               |
+---------------------------------------------------+