Memory Management

This section briefly introduces memory classification and StarRocks’ methods of managing memory.

Memory Classification

Explanation:

IndicatorNameDescription
processTotal memory used of BE
query_poolQuerying memoryConsists of two parts: (1) memory used by the execution layer (2) memory used by the storage layer.
loadImporting memoryGenerally MemTable
table_metaMetadata memoryS Schema, Tablet metadata, RowSet metadata, Column metadata, ColumnReader, IndexReader
compactionMulti-version memory compactioncompaction that happens after data import is complete
snapshotSnapshot memoryGenerally used for clone, little memory usage
column_poolColumn pool memoryRequest to release column cache for accelerated column
page_cacheBE's own PageCacheThe default is off, the user can turn it on by modifying the BE file
  • BE Configuration
NameDefaultDescription
vector_chunk_size4096Number of chunk rows
tc_use_memory_min10737418240minimum reserved memory for TCmalloc, exceeding which StarRocks will return free memory to the operating system
mem_limit80%The percentage of total memory that BE can use. If BE is deployed as a standalone, there is no need to configure it. If it is deployed with other services that consume more memory, it should be configured separately.
disable_storage_page_cachetrueWhether to enable the storage limit of PageCachestorage_page_cache_limit0PageCache
write_buffer_size104857600The capacity limit of a single MemTable, exceeding which a disk swipe will be performed.
load_process_max_memory_limit_bytes107374182400The total import memory limit min(mem_limit * load_process_max_memory_limit_bytes, load_process_max_memory_limit_bytes). It is the actual available import memory threshold, reaching which a disk swipe will be triggered.
load_process_max_memory_limit_percent30The total import memory limit min(mem_limit * load_process_max_memory_limit_percent, load_process_max_memory_limit_bytes). It is the actual available import memory threshold, reaching which the swipe will be triggered.
default_load_mem_limit2147483648If the memory limit on the receiving side is reached for a single import instance, a disk swipe will be triggered. This needs to be modified with the Session variable load_mem_limit to take effect.
max_compaction_concurrency10Disable the compaction
cumulative_compaction_check_interval_seconds1Interval of compaction check
  • Session variables
NameDefaultDescription
exec_mem_limit2147483648Memory limit of a single instance
load_mem_limit0Memory limit of a single import task. If the value is 0, exec_mem_limit will be taken

View memory usage

  • mem_tracker
//View the overall memory statistics
<http://be_ip:be_web_port/mem_tracker>

// View fine-grained memory statistics
<http://be_ip:be_web_port/mem_tracker?type=query_pool&upper_level=3>
  • tcmalloc
<http://be_ip:be_web_port/memz>
------------------------------------------------
MALLOC:      777276768 (  741.3 MiB) Bytes in use by application
MALLOC: +   8851890176 ( 8441.8 MiB) Bytes in page heap freelist
MALLOC: +    143722232 (  137.1 MiB) Bytes in central cache freelist
MALLOC: +     21869824 (   20.9 MiB) Bytes in transfer cache freelist
MALLOC: +    832509608 (  793.9 MiB) Bytes in thread cache freelists
MALLOC: +     58195968 (   55.5 MiB) Bytes in malloc metadata
MALLOC:   ------------
MALLOC: =  10685464576 (10190.5 MiB) Actual memory used (physical + swap)
MALLOC: +  25231564800 (24062.7 MiB) Bytes released to OS (aka unmapped)
MALLOC:   ------------
MALLOC: =  35917029376 (34253.1 MiB) Virtual address space used
MALLOC:
MALLOC:         112388              Spans in use
MALLOC:            335              Thread heaps in use
MALLOC:           8192              Tcmalloc page size
------------------------------------------------
Call ReleaseFreeMemory() to release freelist memory to the OS (via madvise()).
Bytes released to the OS take up virtual address space but no physical memory.

The memory queried by this method is accurate. However, some memory in StarRocks is reserved but not in use. TcMalloc counts the memory that is reserved, not the memory used.

Here Bytes in use by application refers to the memory currently in use.

  • metrics
curl -XGET http://be_ip:be_web_port/metrics | grep 'mem'
curl -XGET http://be_ip:be_web_port/metrics | grep 'column_pool'

The value of metrics is updated every 10 seconds. It is possible to monitor some of the memory statistics with older versions.